Cape Town Historical Heritage
Castle of Good Hope
Built between 1666 and 1679, the Castle of Good Hope is one of the oldest buildings in South Africa and has been exceptionally well preserved. Inside the castles pentagonal walls you will find an array of cultural and military memorabilia dating back to the arrival of Jan van Riebeeck to the Cape in 1652. Explore this majestic castle with a guided tour to the dungeons, the dolphin pool and the blacksmith. The Castle of Good Hope's Key Ceremony takes place on Monday - Friday at 10am and the Change of Guards at 12 noon.
This national monument was built in remembrance of Cecil John Rhodes, the former Prime Minister of the Cape Colony. It was built to illustrate Rhodes' desire to "Make Africa British from the Cape to Cairo ". Cecil John Rhodes was a businessman, by age 35; he controlled the largest diamond mining and trading companies in the whole of South Africa. He fought strongly for the British. Zimbabwe was formerly Rhodesia - named after Cecil John Rhodes.
There are 8 large lions on each side of the stairway, and a bust of Rhodes by J.M. Swan. On a wall of the memorial is an inscription written by Rudyard Kipling, who was a friend of Cecil John Rhodes. It reads, "The immense and brooding spirit still shall quicken and control. Living he was the land, and dead his soul shall be her soul."
The monument is situated on the eastern slopes of Devil's Peak on a portion of the land Rhodes himself set aside to preserve the beauty of the Table Mountain. The steep steps of the impressive memorial offer far-reaching views over the Cape Flats stretching out to distant northern mountain ranges.
Alongside the memorial is a large reserve which homes eland, zebra and various antelope. There is a pleasant tearoom housed in an old stone cottage with a beautiful garden to sit, relax and take in the views; for the more adventurous, this is a popular starting point for hikes and trails around the mountain.